Castles Inside and Out

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In this three-day lesson, learners identify two-dimensional shapes used in castle construction, create a castle collage using assorted shapes, and design tapestries using repeated patterns of color, shape, or line. They understand that the castle’s primary purpose was to keep the community safe but that it also served as a home for the lord and his family. This activity is featured on pp.37-38 (part of a lesson that begins on page 35) of the "LEGO® Castle Adventure" unit of study for grades K-6.

Quick Guide

  • Preparation Time: 45 to 60 minutes
  • Learning Time: 1 to 7 days
  • Estimated materials cost: $5 - $10 per group of students
  • Age Range: Ages 4 - 8
  • Language: English

Materials List (per group of students)

  • pictures and drawings of castles
  • pre-cut geometric shapes (assorted sizes of squares, rectangles, circles, and triangles)
  • Visual Aid: The Parts of a Castle (page 47)
  • index cards with names of castle parts, one term per card
  • picture or sample of tapestry with repeated pattern
  • sentence strips for pattern
  • measurement tools including rulers and meter sticks
  • paper
  • glue
  • scissors
  • a variety of coloring tools
  • Adventures in the Middle Ages by Linda Bailey and Bill Slavin

Informal Categories

  • Arts and Crafts
  • Historical Reenactment
  • Literature
  • Model Building


  • Mathematics
    • Algebra
      • Patterns
    • Geometry
      • Plane Geometry
    • Problem Solving
  • The Nature of Technology
    • Technology and Society
      • Impacts of Technology
      • Technology and History
    • The Design Process
      • Invention and Innovation
      • Problem Solving

To use this activity learners need to

  • see
  • see color
  • read
  • touch

Learning styles supported

  • Links STEM to other topics of interest such as arts and humanities
  • Involves hands-on or lab activities
Includes alignment to state and/or national standards:
Common Core State Standards for Mathematics:
Includes assessments for student learning:


Dr. Beverly A. Reitsma; Sue Keene; Tonya Mercer; Angie Kiplinger; The Children's Museum of Indianapolis; The Lego Group


All Rights Reserved, The Children's Museum of Indianapolis, ©2009

Funding sources

  • Fazoli's
  • Coca-Cola



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