Wolf Limiting Factors

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In this activity, learners simulate a wolf and its habitat and observe what happens when the limiting factors change over time. This activity is designed for large groups of learners, but would work with smaller groups of at least 12 learners. Use this activity to discuss predator/prey relationships, habitats, and fluctuations in animal populations.

Quick Guide

  • Preparation Time: Under 5 minutes
  • Learning Time: 1 to 2 hours
  • Estimated materials cost: 1 cent - $1 per group of students
  • Age Range: Ages 8 - 14
  • Language: English

Materials List (per group of students)

  • Large playing field or room
  • 2 sets of cards (need to be different colors)
  • Paper and pencil to record data

Informal Categories

  • Animals
  • Outdoor Activity
  • Nature and Environment
  • Physical Activity


  • Life Sciences
    • Diversity of Life
      • Animals
    • Ecology
      • Ecosystems
      • Populations
  • Mathematics
    • Data Analysis and Probability
      • Data Analysis
      • Data Collection
  • The Nature of Science
    • The Scientific Process
      • Conducting Investigations
      • Gathering Data
      • Formulating Explanations
      • Communicating Results

To use this activity learners need to

  • see
  • see color
  • be mobile
  • touch

Learning styles supported

  • Involves teamwork and communication skills
  • Involves hands-on or lab activities
Includes alignment to state and/or national standards:


Eduweb; Minnesota Zoo


All Rights Reserved, Minnesota Zoo & Eduweb, ©2012

Funding sources

  • National Science Foundation, 0610427
  • Best Buy Children's Foundation
  • The Shakopee Mdewakanton Sioux Community
  • The ADC Foundation



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