Creating Craters

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In this activity, learners will investigate how craters are made and the different factors that contribute to size left from the impact. A full activity guide is included complete with step by step instructions, as well as additional discussion information. This activity requires some flour, cocoa powder, balls of assorted sizes and weights, and flat container, like a pie tin, to hold it all in. Prompts are also included to extend the activity.

Quick Guide

Preparation Time:
10 to 30 minutes

Learning Time:
10 to 30 minutes

Estimated Materials Cost:
$1 - $5 per group of students

Age Range:
Ages 4 - 14

Resource Type:


Materials List (per group of students)

  • Flour
  • Sand or cocoa powder
  • Newsprint/tablecloth (if experimenting inside)
  • Pie tin or other small unbreakable dish
  • Balls of different sizes and weights
  • Ruler


  • Earth and Space Science
    • Astronomy


Access Rights:

  • Free access


Source Collection

  • Life and Science at Home


  • All rights reserved, Museum of Life and Science, 2021