In this activity, learners manipulate film to create homemade movies. Scratch Film, also known as Direct Animation, is the process of drawing and scratching designs directly onto film. Images are hand painted on clear and black film leader using paints, markers and ink. Other techniques include stenciling, etching, and the use of found footage spliced directly into 16 mm and 35 mm film. This activity is great if you have old film equipment and are looking for a creative way to use it with learners.