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Wolf Limiting Factors

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    Minnesota Zoo

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Wolf Limiting Factors

In this activity, learners simulate a wolf and its habitat and observe what happens when the limiting factors change over time. This activity is designed for large groups of learners, but would work with smaller groups of at least 12 learners. Use this activity to discuss predator/prey relationships, habitats, and fluctuations in animal populations.

Quick Guide

Preparation Time:
Under 5 minutes

Learning Time:
1 to 2 hours

Estimated Materials Cost:
1 cent - $1 per group of students

Age Range:
Ages 8 - 14

Resource Types:
Activity, Lesson/Lesson Plan, Simulation


Materials List (per group of students)

  • Large playing field or room
  • 2 sets of cards (need to be different colors)
  • Paper and pencil to record data


  • Life Sciences
    • Diversity of Life
      • Animals
    • Ecology
      • Ecosystems
      • Populations
  • Mathematics
    • Data Analysis and Probability
      • Data Analysis
      • Data Collection
  • The Nature of Science
    • The Scientific Process
      • Conducting Investigations
      • Gathering Data
      • Formulating Explanations
      • Communicating Results

Informal Categories

  • Animals
  • Outdoor Activity
  • Nature and Environment
  • Physical Activity


To use this activity, learners need to:

  • see
  • see color
  • be mobile
  • touch

Learning styles supported:

  • Involves teamwork and communication skills
  • Involves hands-on or lab activities


Includes alignment to state and/or national standards

This resource is part of:

Access Rights:

  • Free access



  • All Rights Reserved, Minnesota Zoo & Eduweb, ©2012

Funding Sources:

  • National Science Foundation, 0610427
  • Best Buy Children's Foundation
  • The Shakopee Mdewakanton Sioux Community
  • The ADC Foundation


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