Elephant Foot

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Using a real-size sketch of a baby elephant's footprint, learners estimate, measure and record the width (diameter) and outside edge length (perimeter or circumference) of the footprint. Then learners estimate and measure the footprint's total area by answering the question of how many quarters or pennies will fit inside the footprint.

Quick Guide

Preparation Time:
Under 5 minutes

Learning Time:
30 to 45 minutes

Estimated Materials Cost:
1 cent - $1 per group of students

Age Range:
Ages 4 - 11

Resource Type:


Materials List (per group of students)

  • printer
  • pen or pencil
  • printout of data table or other paper to record data
  • elephant footprint printout
  • ruler or measuring tape
  • piece of string
  • quarters
  • pennies


  • Life Sciences
    • Diversity of Life
      • Animals
    • Ecology
      • Biodiversity
    • Human Body
      • Skeleton
  • Mathematics
    • Measurement
      • Units of Measurement
      • Size and Scale
      • Circles
  • The Nature of Science
    • The Scientific Process
      • Conducting Investigations
      • Gathering Data
      • Communicating Results

Informal Categories

  • Animals


To use this activity, learners need to:

  • see
  • read
  • touch

Learning styles supported:

  • Uses STEM to solve real-world problems
  • Involves hands-on or lab activities


This resource is part of:

Access Rights:

  • Free access



  • All rights reserved, The Regents of the University of California, 2007