Natural Selection Because of Different Color: Camouflage

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In this activity (p.5-6 of PDF), learners investigate natural selection. Learners discover that natural selection, which takes place over decades, can lead to altered populations within a species. Use this activity to explain the role of pollution and how humans can impact populations as well as compare natural selection to the development of antibiotic resistance in bacteria, which occurs much more quickly.

Quick Guide

Preparation Time:
Under 5 minutes

Learning Time:
10 to 30 minutes

Estimated Materials Cost:
$5 - $10 per group of students

Age Range:
Ages 8 - 11

Resource Types:
Activity, Demonstration, Lesson/Lesson Plan


Materials List (per group of students)


  • Life Sciences
    • Diversity of Life
      • Animals
    • Ecology
      • Populations
      • Human Impact
    • Evolution
      • Mechanisms of Evolution
  • The Nature of Technology
    • Technology and Society
      • Impacts of Technology
      • Technology and the Environment

Informal Categories

  • Animals
  • Nature and Environment


To use this activity, learners need to:

  • see
  • see color
  • be mobile
  • touch

Learning styles supported:

  • Involves hands-on or lab activities


Components that are part of this resource:

This resource is part of:

Access Rights:

  • Free access


  • Cavanagh, Dave ; Pickup, Nikki ; Cavanagh, Laura


  • All rights reserved, Professor Dave Cavanagh, Dr Nikki Pickup and Laura Cavanagh, Institute for Animal Health,