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Sky Time: Kinesthetic Astronomy

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Sky Time: Kinesthetic Astronomy

Through a series of simple body movements, learners gain insight into the relationship between time and astronomical motions of Earth (rotation about its axis, and orbit around the Sun), and also about how these motions influence what we see in the sky at various times of the day and year. This activity can be used to introduce seasons on Earth and other planets. Learners will especially enjoy finding their birthdays in the orbit and using a zodiac diagram. This comprehensive lesson plan includes detailed background information, common misconceptions, extensions, teacher tips, references/resources, and FAQs.

Quick Guide

Preparation Time:
30 to 45 minutes

Learning Time:
2 to 4 hours

Estimated Materials Cost:
$5 - $10 per group of students

Age Range:
Ages 11 - adult

Resource Types:
Activity, Lesson/Lesson Plan, Simulation


Materials List (per group of students)


  • Earth and Space Science
    • Astronomy
      • Stars and Galaxies
    • Earth, Moon and Sun
      • Days
      • Seasons
    • Solar System
      • The Sun
      • The Moon
      • The Planets

Informal Categories

  • Outdoor Activity
  • Physical Activity


To use this activity, learners need to:

  • see
  • read
  • be mobile
  • touch

Learning styles supported:

  • Involves teamwork and communication skills
  • Involves hands-on or lab activities


Components that are part of this resource:

Includes alignment to state and/or national standards

Includes assesments for student learning

This resource is part of:

Access Rights:

  • Free access


  • Morrow, Dr. Cherilynn A.; Zawaski, Michael


  • All Rights Reserved, Dr.Cherilynn A. Morrow and Michael Zawaski, ©2004


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