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Creating a Soil Map

Source Institutions

    University of Illinois Extension

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Creating a Soil Map

In this activity, learners investigate soil conditions by creating a soil map. Learners record soil characteristics and compare the conditions of soil in different grid sections. Use this activity to discuss biodiversity and how habitats affect the growth of plants and animals. This activity is also available in Spanish.

Quick Guide

Preparation Time:
Under 5 minutes

Learning Time:
1 to 2 hours

Estimated Materials Cost:
1 cent - $1 per student

Age Range:
Ages 4 - 14

Resource Types:
Activity, Experiment/Lab Activity

English, Spanish

Materials List (per student)

  • a tape measure or yard stick
  • a pencil and paper


  • Earth and Space Science
    • Earth Processes
      • Weather and Climate
    • Earth Structure
      • Rocks and Minerals
  • Life Sciences
    • Diversity of Life
      • Plants
      • Biodiversity
    • Ecology
      • Biodiversity
  • Mathematics
    • Data Analysis and Probability
      • Data Analysis
    • Measurement
  • The Nature of Science
    • The Scientific Process
      • Asking Questions
      • Conducting Investigations
      • Gathering Data
      • Formulating Explanations

Informal Categories

  • Outdoor Activity
  • Gardening
  • Nature and Environment


To use this activity, learners need to:

  • see
  • see color
  • be mobile
  • touch

Learning styles supported:

  • Involves hands-on or lab activities

Designed specifically for

  • Urban dweller/limited contact with nature


Foreign language versions of this resource:

Components that are part of this resource:

This resource is part of:

Access Rights:

  • Free access



  • All Rights Reserved, University of Illinois Board of Trustees, ©2012


User Lists

This resource is part of these lists:

  • Thumbnail Environmental by tlbaker on 2012-05-02
  • Thumbnail K-2nd by KellyGivens on 2014-05-29
  • Thumbnail Geology/Soils by slythrn_barnbum on 2015-02-26
  • Thumbnail 2-3 by amy@randolph on 2018-07-22
  • Thumbnail Soil by Melissa5661 on 2019-04-07