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Tossing Coins

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    The Actuarial Foundation

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Tossing Coins

In this math game (Page 17 of the Are You Game? PDF), learners investigate probability by tossing coins. Learners determine the possible outcomes of tossing two coins simultaneously, and the probabilities of the different outcomes. In the follow-up activities, learners prove by example why there are four possible outcomes.

Quick Guide

Preparation Time:
Under 5 minutes

Learning Time:
30 to 45 minutes

Estimated Materials Cost:
1 cent - $1 per group of students

Age Range:
Ages 8 - 14

Resource Types:
Activity, Game, Lesson/Lesson Plan


Materials List (per group of students)

  • Two US coins (do not use plastic coins)
  • Game board
  • Game pieces


  • Mathematics
    • Data Analysis and Probability
      • Probability
    • Number and Operations
      • Decimals
      • Fractions
    • Problem Solving
    • Reasoning and Proof

Informal Categories

  • Games


To use this activity, learners need to:

  • see
  • read
  • touch

Learning styles supported:

  • Involves hands-on or lab activities


Includes alignment to state and/or national standards

This resource is part of:

Access Rights:

  • Free access


  • Rimbey, M.Ed., NBCT (Math), Kimberly


  • All Rights Reserved, The Actuarial Foundation, ©2007

Funding Sources:

  • Ernst & Young
  • New York Life Foundation
  • Swiss Re
  • Towers Perrin


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