Earth and Mars

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Based on color photographic images, learners compare geological features on Earth and Mars to understand similarities and differences between the two planets, and consider the forces that created landforms on both planets. Learners compare landforms including volcanoes, impact craters and canyons carved by erosion and discuss how these geological features form. This activity can be found on pages 44-47 of the activity guide. [Activity is publicly available through a web crawler capture on]

Quick Guide

Preparation Time:
10 to 30 minutes

Learning Time:
45 to 60 minutes

Estimated Materials Cost:
1 cent - $1 per group of students

Age Range:
Ages 11 - 18

Resource Type:


Materials List (per group of students)

  • Worksheet – Volcanoes
  • Worksheet – Craters
  • Worksheet – Canyons
  • Pencils or pens


  • Earth and Space Science
    • Earth Processes
      • Volcanoes and Plate Tectonics
      • Weather and Climate
    • Earth Structure
      • Rocks and Minerals
      • Oceans and Water
    • Solar System
      • The Planets
  • The Nature of Science
    • The Scientific Process
      • Asking Questions
      • Formulating Explanations


To use this activity, learners need to:

  • see
  • read

Learning styles supported:

  • Involves hands-on or lab activities


Access Rights:

  • Free access


Source Collection

  • Science After School Consumer's Guide


  • All rights reserved, TERC, 2007

Funding Sources:

  • NASA, NAS5-26555
  • National Science Foundation, NSF 9730728