Pass or Roll!

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In this math activity, learners play a game in which every roll can earn you counters, but if you roll the wrong number (6), you have to put everything back. Players can choose to pass or roll when it is their turn. The first player to 25 counters is the winner. Use this activity to introduce the concepts of chance and probability. This activity guide contains a material list, sample questions to ask, literary connections, extensions, and alignment to local and national standards.

Quick Guide

Preparation Time:
Under 5 minutes

Learning Time:
10 to 30 minutes

Estimated Materials Cost:
1 cent - $1 per group of students

Age Range:
Ages 4 - 8

Resource Types:
Activity, Game, Lesson/Lesson Plan


Materials List (per group of students)

  • 80 to 100 counters (like beans or paper clips)
  • Dice
  • Bowl


  • Mathematics
    • Data Analysis and Probability
      • Probability
    • Number and Operations
    • Representation

Informal Categories

  • Games


To use this activity, learners need to:

  • see
  • touch

Learning styles supported:

  • Involves hands-on or lab activities


Includes alignment to state and/or national standards:

This resource is part of:

Access Rights:

  • Free access



  • All rights reserved, Children's Museum of Houston,

Funding Source:

  • ExxonMobil