User login


Astronomy


Our Place in Space
From our solar system neighbors to the edge of the galaxy....space and its endless possibilities have always captured the interests of children of all ages.

From hunting water on Mars to living in space, from counting the age of stars to engineering planetary rovers, astronomy brings the universe closer to us than ever. Reach for the stars with SMILE activities from NASA, McDonald Observatory and more. These activities are organized according to the astronomy topics in SMILE. The essential principles were based on several sources, including the National Science Education Standards and the AAAS Benchmarks. The descriptions of the topics come from the AAAS Benchmarks.


Essential Principles
Choose one of the essential principles to view related activities.

Earth Structure


The Earth is mostly rock. Three-fourths of the Earth's surface is covered by a relatively thin layer of water (some of it frozen), and the entire planet is surrounded by a relatively thin layer of air.

The Earth, Moon, and Sun


The rotation of the Earth on its axis every 24 hours produces the night-and-day cycle. To people on Earth, this turning of the planet makes it seem as though the Sun, moon, planets, and stars are orbiting the Earth once a day … Because the Earth turns daily on an axis that is tilted relative to the plane of the Earth's yearly orbit around the sun, sunlight falls more intensely on different parts of the Earth during the year. The difference in intensity of sunlight and the resulting warming of the Earth's surface produces the seasonal variations in temperature.